In examining the development of Sawankhalok’s urban form, this research also presented the collective memories of the local residents on the city through its inquiries on a collection of wooden commercial, residential, and civic buildings.  As would be shown by the following discussions, the investigations encompassed three historiographical foci.  The first was the beginning of the city in the 13th century, which was marked by multiple and fragmented narratives on the old city of Sawankhalok.  The second phase spanned between 1876 and 1932, concentrating on the rise of teak business that led to economic boom and urban expansions in Sawankhalok.  The third period concentrated on the post-1932 era, or after the end of absolute monarchy in Siam, when the city was placed under jurisdiction of Sukhothai province.   Owing to a gradual demise of the forest industry in the country after the end of World War II, financial prosperity dwindled from the area. Nevertheless, Sawankhalok and its inhabitants proved to be resilient to such an adverse situation.  As some districts saw implementations of urban renewal projects during the second decade of the 21st century, the city started to develop a new character, while experiencing a rebound in economic growth that brought joie de vivre to the dwellers.  In recounting these stories, the studies uncovered the underlying factors together with the associated dynamism that contributed to a long urban decline of Sawankhalok, providing a hard-learned lesson for future administration and development of the city.


Urban Transformation through a Lefebvrian Lenses

By alluding to a theoretical premise coined by a French philosopher and sociologist Henri Lefebvre, a remark could be put forward that spatiality and heritage were generated from material-social relations thus subjectively becoming contingents on perceptions of–as much as interactions with–mental and physical cognizance.[1]   This association lent a basis to further argue that the development of Sawankhalok city could be perceived as an urban revolution, where an establishment of settlement and its transformation from an rural to urban area could be conceptually represented in terms of a percentile axis, starting from 0 as an original or natural landscape to 100 as a completely urbanized landscape

  • 2020
  • English
  • 210 × 230 mm
  • 110  page  / 82  page / 95 page

สุรศักดิ์ กังขาวและคณะ. (2563). สถาปัตยกรรมไม้หมายเมืองสวรรคโลก. กรุงเทพฯ: คณะครุศาสตร์อุตสาหกรรมและเทคโนโลยี, สถาบันเทคโนโลยีพระจอมเกล้าเจ้าคุณทหารลาดกระบัง. ISBN978-616-338-145-3   110  page

สุรศักดิ์ กังขาว, ทะเล กังขาว. (2563). Rediscovered Heritage Of Sawankhalok’s Wooden Architecture. กรุงเทพฯ: คณะครุศาสตร์อุตสาหกรรมและเทคโนโลยี, สถาบันเทคโนโลยีพระจอมเกล้าเจ้าคุณทหารลาดกระบัง. ISBN 978-616-338-147-7       82 page

สุรศักดิ์ กังขาว, จตุรงค์ เลาหะเพ็ญแสง. (2563). ชุดความรู้การพัฒนาเมืองที่ยั่งยืนโดยใช้การท่องเที่ยวชุมชนเป็นฐาน. กรุงเทพฯ: คณะครุศาสตร์อุตสาหกรรมและเทคโนโลยี, สถาบันเทคโนโลยีพระจอมเกล้าเจ้าคุณทหารลาดกระบัง. ISBN 978-616-338-144-6   95  page


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